Back Issues

Quaker Religious Thought is published by the Quaker Theological Discussion Group.

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All issues of Quaker Religious Thought are available digitally online 18 months after publication via the Digital Commons at George Fox University.

QRT back issues:

1:1, #1 (1959)

“The Quaker Doctrine of the Holy Spirit,” Howard H. Brinton
Comments: Lewis Benson, Thomas S. Brown, Charles F. Thomas

1:2, #2 (1959)

“The Quaker Interpretation of the Significance of Christ,” Maurice Creasey
Comments: Harold Walker, Theodor Benfey, Douglas Steere

2:1, #3 (1960)

“The Early Quaker Vision of the Church,” Lewis Benson
Comments: Henry J. Cadbury, T. Canby Jones, D. Elton Trueblood

2:2, #4 (1960)

“Quaker Perspectives on the Nature of Man,” Wilmer A. Cooper
Comments: A. Burns Chalmers, Edna M. Hall, Duane Moon

3:1, #5 (1961)

“Early Friends and the Work of Christ,” Arthur O. Roberts
Comments: Lorton Heusel, Paul A. Lacey, T. Joseph Pickvance
“Religious Experience and Religious Thought,” J. Calvin Keene

3:2, #6 (1961)

“Quakerism and Historical Interpretation of Religion,” Chris Downing
“Spiritual Religion and Historical Religion,” Wilmer A. Cooper
“Relation of Quakerism to Its Own History,” Lewis Benson

4:1, #7 (1962)

“Christ and Truth,” Hugh S. Barbour
“The Bible in George Fox and Contemporary Quakerism,” T. Canby Jones
“Can These Bones Live?” J. H. McCandless

4:2, #8 (1962)

“The Paradox of the Quaker Ministry,” D. Elton Trueblood
Comments: George A. Selleck, James R. Stein, and Herbert M. Hadley
“Quaker Belief and Experience,” John H. Curtis

5:1, #9 (1963)

“Quakers and the Sacraments,” Maurice A. Creasey
Comments: J. Floyd Moore, David O. Stanfield, Lewis Benson

5:2, #10 (1963)

“Beyond Diversity to a Common Experience of God,” Douglas V. Steere
“Christ as Servant as Motivation to Quaker Service,” T. Canby Jones
Comments: Paul A. Lacey, Arthur O. Roberts

6:1, #11 (1964)

“The Peace Testimony: Does Christian Commitment Make a Difference?” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.
Comments: Stephen G. Cary, Stephen B. Ross, Eric S. Tucker

6:2, #12 (1964)

“What is Theology?” Christine R. Downing
Comments: Frederic R. Crownfield, Verlin O. Hinshaw, Melvin Keiser

7:1, #13 (1965)

“The Thought of Robert Barclay: An Evaluation,” Francis B. Hall
Comments: Maurice A. Creasey, James J. Flood, D. Elton Trueblood

7:2, #14 (1965)

“Historic Quakerism and Mysticism,” J. Calvin Keene
Comments: John R. Yungblut, Lewis Benson, T. Vail Palmer, Jr.

8:1, #15 (1966)

“The Death of ‘the Man Upstairs;’ A Critical Appraisal of the New Theology,” Paul A. Lacey
Comments: Chris Downing, J. H. McCandless, Clinton L. Reynolds

8:2, #16 (1966) Friends World Conference Issue

“The Future of Quakerism,” Roland H. Bainton, Everett L. Cattell, Maurice A. Creasey

9:1, #17 (1967)

“Holiness and Christian Renewal,” Arthur O. Roberts
Comments: Eugene L. Collins, Cecil E. Hinshaw, and Dan Wilson
“Continuing Discussion on ‘The Future of Quakerism’,” Kelvin Van Nuys

9:2, #18 (1967/8)

“Revolutionary Faithfulness,” R.W. Tucker
“Review of The Peace Testimony of Friends in the 20th Century,” J. H. McCandless
“Review of Barclay’s Apology in Modern English,” Francis B. Hall

10:1, #19 (1968)

“Quakers and Ecumenism,” A. Burns Chalmers, Gerald W. Dillon, Dean Freiday, T. Canby Jones, John H. Yoder

10:2, #20 (1968)

“A Theology of Quaker Education,” Thomas S. Brown

11:1, #21 (1969) The God of the Future

“Modern Man and Ancient Testimonies,” Kenneth E. Boulding
“An Eschatological Theology,” Chris Downing
“Hope,” W. Russell Johnson

11:2, #22 (1969)

“Protestant Quakerism,” Hugh S. Barbour
Comments: Lewis Benson, Chard Smith, Melvin Keiser

12:1, #23 (1970)

“Religion and Psychology: The Limits of the Psyche as Touchstone of Reality,” Maurice Friedman
Comments: Elined P. Kotschnig, Joseph Havens, J. Calvin Keene, Chris Downing

12:2, #24 (1970)

“‘That of God in Every Man’ – What Did George Fox Mean by It?” Lewis Benson
Comments: T. Canby Jones, Francis B. Hall

12:3, #25 (1970)

“Teilhard de Chardin and the Aggiornamento of Quaker Theology,” John R. Yungblut
Comments: Kelvin Van Nuys, T. Vail Palmer, Jr., Hugh S. Barbour, Chris Downing

12:4, #26 (1971)

“The Spirit of the Nation,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.

13:1, #27 (1971)

“Structural Incongruities in Quaker Service,” R.W. Tucker
Comments: Paul C. Williams, John Pocock, William F. Rushby

13:2, #28 (1971/2)

“Deeds and Rules in Quaker Ethics,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.
Comments: Hugh S. Barbour, T. Canby Jones, Paul E. Pfuetze

13:3–4, #29–30 (1972)

“A Call in the Wilderness,” Otto M. Boetes
“The God of Peace,” Hugh S. Barbour

14:1, #31 (1972)

“The Quaker Testimony of Simplicity,” Charles E. Fager
Comments: Lawrence Scott, Larry Kuenning

14:2, #32 (1972)

“The Trusting Agnostic,” Scot Crom
Comments: Maurice H. Friedman, John H. McCandless.

14:3, #33 (1972/3)

“Cultural Impedimenta Old and New in Friends’ Relation to the Arts,” Candida Palmer

14:4, #34 (1973)

“Friends and the Sacraments: Some Critical Perspectives,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr., Charles S. Ball
Maurice A. Creasey, Anna C. Brinton, R.W. Tucker, Candida Palmer

15:1, #35 (1973)

“The Early Quakers and the Doctrine of Authority,” Dean Freiday

15:2, #36 (1974)

“Prayer in Solitude,” John R. Yungblut
“Worship as Experienced,” T. Canby Jones

15:3, #37 (1974)

“‘Answering That of God in Every Man’: An Interpretation of Fox’s Ethics,” James F.

15:4, #38 (1974)

“The Life of the Cross and the Coming of the Kingdom,” John H. McCandless
“Reflection on Death and Resurrection,” Arthur O. Roberts

16:1–2, #39–40 (1974/5)

“Christ as Prophet: Studies in the Basis for Christian Obedience,” Howard R. Macy,
Lewis Benson, John H. Curtis, Keith Esch, T. Canby Jones

16:3, #41 (1975)

“Ministries of the Holy Spirit,” Roswith Gerloff, Carlisle G. Davidson, Richard A. Baer, Jr., John H. Curtis, Wilmer A. Cooper

16:4, #42 (1976)

“Explorations in the Theology of the Holy Spirit,” Stanley Perisho, John H. Curtis, Wilmer A. Cooper

17:1, #43 (1976/7)

“Was George Fox a Prophet?; A Study of the Criteria for Old Testament Prophecy,” William R. Durland
Comments: Eugene F. Roop, Douglas Gwyn, Arthur O. Roberts

17:2, #44 (1977)

“Justice in the Biblical Tradition,” Eugene F. Roop
Comments: A. Barrie Pittock, James F. Childress

17:3, #45 (1977/8)

“The People of God in the World Today,” William T. Scott, Kara Cole

17:4, #46 (1978)

“Rufus Jones and Mysticism,” Daniel E. Bassuk
Comments: John Yungblut, J. Floyd Moore, Lewis Benson

18:1 #47 (1978)

“Early Quaker Ecclesiology,” Donald S. Nesti, C.S.Sp.
Comments: Charles F. Thomas, Arthur O. Roberts

18:2, #48 (1979)

“Christ’s Wife: A Vision for All Women,” Lisa B. Kuenning
Comments: Lorena Jeanne Tinker

18:3, #49 (1980)

“The Everlasting Gospel and John 15,” Dean Freiday, Douglas Gwyn
Comments: Nancy N. Jackson, Ursula Windsor

18:4, #50 (1980)

“The Quietist Heritage,” William P. Taber, Ruth M. Pitman

19:1, #51 (1981)

“Sin, Perfection, and the Faithful Community,” Nancy N. Jackson, Arthur O. Roberts
Comments: Dennis Dick, Sandra Cronk

19:2, #52 (1981)

“God in Thought and Experience,” Calvin Keene; Comments: Michael Russell

19:3, #53 (1982)

“Theology of Evangelism and Outreach,” Alan Kolp, Ronald D. Allen, Lawrence E. Barker
“Wives and Metaphors,” Gardiner Stillwell

19: 4, #54 (1982)

“Quaker Worship,” William W. Stafford
“The Quaker Role in Education,” R. Ward Harrington
“Peacemaking in Apocalyptic Times,” Dale W. Brown
“Eschatology in Daily Living,” Lorton Heusel

20: 1, #55 (1983)

“Prayer,” Richard J. Foster, Myron W. Weaver, Robert L. Faricy, S.J.
“Prayers of William Penn”

20: 2, #56 (1984)

“Marriage and the Family,” Stanley Hauerwas, David Bourns, Lois Mammel, William P. Roberts
“Suggested Readings on Marriage, the Family, and the Role of Women,” Ruth Pitman, Lois Mammel

20:3, #57 (1984)

“Living in the Life and Sharing It,” Ellen Pye
Comments: Howard R. Macy, Fritz Hertzberg
“Friends, Sacraments, and Sacramental Living,” Alan Kolp

20:4, #58 (1984) Hope and Despair-Part I

“Some Values for Undergirding Justice & Peace Themselves,” Edward F. Snyder
“Practicing the Gospel of Hope in a Nuclear Age,” Daniel A. Seeger
Comments: Patricia Edwards-DeLancey
Reviews of the U.S., French, and West German Catholic Bishops’ Peace Letters

21:1, #59 (1985) Hope and Despair-Part II

“An Alternative Apocalypse,” Douglas Gwyn
“How We Share the Gospel of Hope,” Ben Richmond

21:2, #60 (1985)

“Coming to the Messiah and Living in Christ,” Arthur Berk
Comments: George Rubin, Cheshire Fager, Michael Wyschogrod
“Structures of Accountability,” Ruth M. Pitman

21:3, #61 (1985)

“A Critique of Accountability,” Wilmer A. Cooper
Comments: Patricia Edwards-DeLancey
“Accountability: A Biblical Approach,” Dorothy H. Craven
Comments: Perry Yoder
Comments on Ruth Pitman’s Paper (in QRT #60): Larry Kuenning

21:4, #62 (1986)

“The Atonement: A Biblical Study,” Robert C. Buswell
“‘Atonement’ in Historical Perspective,” Dean Freiday
Comments: Hugh Barbour, Sandra Cronk, Mary K. George, Kenneth A. Mammel, Ron Selleck

22:1–2, #63–64 (1986) Latin American Liberation Theology

“A Quaker Perspective,” Shirley Dodson
“Political Ethics,” Bernard T. Adeney
“Social Spirituality in John Woolman and Gustavo Gutiérrez,” Philip L. Boroughs, S.J.
Comments: Douglas V. Steere

22:3, #65 (1987) Lewis Benson Issue

Guest Editorial, “Lewis Benson, Evaluating His Contribution,” Wilmer A. Cooper
Comments: T. Canby Jones, Arthur O. Roberts, John Punshon, John Howard Yoder
“The Prophetic Gospel,” Dorlan Bales
“Fox’s Message,” Lisa Kuenning
“Called Out,” Hugh S. Barbour
“Toward A Biography,” Terry S. Wallace

22:4, #66 (1987) Facing Sin and Evil

“Captivity Among the Idols in Early Quakerism,” Douglas Gwyn
“Attitudes of 18th-Century American Friends,” Jack D. Marietta
“The Influence of Rufus Jones,” Wilmer A. Cooper
“A Sociological Perspective,” Terry Arendell
Comments: Ann Miller, Ronald E. Selleck
Book Review: John H. McCandless

23:1, #67 (1988) Martin Luther King, Jr.

“King’s Liberating Theology,” Larry Miller
“With the Kings in India,” James E. Bristol
“King’s Transforming Love,” Philip M. Lord
“For Our Children,” Adam Corson-Finnerty
“Creeds, Society and Human Rights, Book Review,” B. B. Beach

23:2,3, #68 & 69 (1988) Justice and Peace

“Theology and Bloodless Revolution,” Lon Fendall
“Power in Pacifism,” Lonnie Valentine
“Quaker Peace Witness,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.
“The Peace Testimony,” John Punshon

23:4, #70 (1988/9)

“Prophecy’s Rise and Eclipse,” Douglas Gwyn
“Atonement – A Revisionist View,” Margaret J. Benefiel
“‘Eucharistic Fellowship’: Are Friends Included?” Jay W. Marshall

24:1, #71 (1989)

“The Universalism of Christ in Early Quaker Understanding,” Arthur O. Roberts
“Reciprocal Renewal in Douglas V. Steere’s Ecclesiology,” David L. Johns

24:2, #72 (1989/90)

“Children of the Covenant; Children of the Light,” Mary Moehlman
“Universal Spirituality: A Ministry among Friends and in the World,” Daniel A. Seeger
Reviews: Calvin Keene, Douglas Gwyn

24:3, #73 (1990)

“John Bright: Called to the Lord’s Service,” Howard F. Gregg
“A Response: Mark Hatfield on the Christian and Politics,” Arthur O. Roberts
“In Memory of John McCandless”

24:4, #74 (1990)

“Restoring the Image: Perspectives on a Biblical View of Creation,” Gerald H. Wilson
Response: Ruth Pitman
“A Quaker Theology of the Stewardship of Creation,” Virginia Schurman
Response: Dean Freiday

25:1, #75 (1991)

“Do This and You Will Live,” Richard Bear
“On the Folly of Seeking the Quaker Holy Grail,” H. Larry Ingle
Responses: Douglas Gwyn, Hugh Barbour; “Spurgeon on Fox”

25:2, #76 (1991)

“Fox Loved the Apostle Paul,” Alan Kolp
“Was the Fourth Evangelist a Quaker?” Paul Anderson
“‘Miserable Comforters,'” Larry Kuenning

25:3, #77 (1992)

The Anarchy of the Ranters (abridged), R. Ward Harrington
“Speaking about G-d: Some Dilemmas,” Daniel A. Seeger
“Challenges in Discernment,” Joshua Brown
Responses: Anne L. Olson, Mary Katherine Morse, Friends United Meeting, R. Ward Harrington

25:4, #78 (1992)

“Everett L. Cattell and a Theology of Christian Missions,” David L. Johns
“Bibliography of Works by Everett Lewis Cattell,” compiled by David L. Johns
Responses: Robert Hess, T. Canby Jones, Ron Stansell
“A Tribute to Everett L. Cattell, Missionary Statesman,” E. Anna Nixon

26:1, #79 (1992)

“On a Theology for Modern Babylonians: The Exile as a Basis for Doing ‘Biblical Theology,'” Daniel L. Smith
Response: Harold Thomas
“In the Company of Spiritual Orphans,” Susan Willcuts Kendall
“A Quaker in Russian Perestroika,” Boris Sudarushkin
“Fox and the Centrality of Christ – A Message for All People,” Arthur Berk

26:2, #80 (1993)

“Christ Jesus the Covenant of God: Two Views of the Quaker Doctrine of the Light,” Lucy Davenport
“Robert Barclay and the Rhetoric of the Inward Light,” Michael P. Graves
“The Names of God in George Fox and John Woolman,” Charlotte Condia-Williams
“Early Friends and the Bible: Some Observations,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.

26:3, #81 (1993)

“Stephen Crisp’s Short History as Spiritual Journey,” Michael P. Graves
“John Woolman’s Journal: Narrative as Quaker Values Transmission,” Edward Higgins
“The Transformation of the American Quaker Narrative Style, 1850-1910,” Thomas D. Hamm
“Comments on the Papers of Graves, Higgins, Hamm,” J. William Frost

26:4, #82 (1994)

“Mothers as Prophets,” Margaret Benefiel
“A Better and Enduring Substance,” David William McKay
Response: Carole Spencer
“Feminist Biblical Hermeneutics,” Springs Steele
Response: Ruth Pitman
“1993 Parliament of World’s Religions,” David L. Johns
“Seeking Unity About Koinonia,” Dean Freiday

27:1, #83 (1994)

“Somalia and War,” Phil Smith
Response: Elise Boulding
“New Roles for the United Nations: Problems and Opportunities in Haiti,” Lon Fendall “Human Welfare: Economics and Theology,” Thomas D. Paxson
Response: Tom Head

27:2, #84 (1995)

“New Testament Account of the Resurrection,” Lauren A. King
Response: Paul Anderson

27:3, #85 (1995)

“Thomas Kelly: Some New Insights,” T. Canby Jones
“The Impact of Thomas Kelly on American Religious Life,” E. Glenn Hinson
A Testament of Devotion: An Appreciation,” Elaine M. Prevallet, S.L.
“Thomas Kelly: At Home in the Blessed Community,” Howard R. Macy
“New Lights and Inner Light,” Richard M. Kelly

27:4, #86 (1995)

“Understanding the Bible,” Ronald D. Worden
“A Perspective on Friends Membership,” Grant Thompson
“Centrality of the Concept of ‘Practice’ Among Quakers,” Rupert Read
“On Faith,” John Miller
“Dialogue on the Resurrection,” Ronald Blackburn, Lauren King
“Remembering Ward Harrington”

28:1, #87 (1996) Quaker Theological Discussion Group

“Religion and Ethics in the Thought of Richard Ullmann,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.
Responses to Issue #86: R.W. Tucker, Bill Samuel

28:2, #88 (1997)

“Quakers and the Broader Christian Movement,” Arthur O. Roberts
“The Quaker Vision and the Doing of Theology,” R. Melvin Keiser
“Christian Dialogue in the Seventeenth Century,” Dean Freiday

28:3, #89 (1997)

“The Presence in the Midst,” Janet Scott
“Christian Accords and Contentions on Peace,” Thomas D. Paxson, Jr.
“Liberal Friends’ Response to Other Faiths,” Margery Post Abbott

28:4, #90 (1998)

“The Search for Unity in Diversity Among Friends,” Wilmer A. Cooper
“The American Holiness Movement: Why Did It Captivate Nineteenth-Century
Quakers?” Carole Spencer
“Ritual Management of Presence and Absence: The Liturgical Significance of Silence,” David L. Johns
“In Defense of Folly,” Dean Freiday

29:1, #91 (1998)

“Resisting the Inevitable: Universal and Particular Salvation in the Thought of Robert Barclay,” Hugh S. Pyper
“Religion, the Biblical Gospel, and Conversion,” Earl Grant

29:2, #92 (1999)

“Some Issues From Nineteenth Century Quakerism,” T. Vail Palmer, Jr.
“Contemplative Prayer,” Keith R. Maddock
“Better Than a Plaque,” Paul Buckley, Susan Jeffers

29: 3, #93 (1999)

“A Quaker Understanding of Jesus Christ,” Arthur O. Roberts
“Gene Therapy in Biomedicine: Ethical Dilemmas,” Kent Thornburg, Miles Edwards
Response: Phil Smith
“Confronting the Demonic Quality of the Death Penalty,” James Hannon
“Response to Vail Palmer,” John Beck
“Better than a Plaque (Addendum),” Paul Buckley

29:4, #94 (2000)

“On Jesus: Quests for Historicity, and the History of Recent Quests” and “Bibliography – Historical Jesus,” Paul Anderson
“Reflections on Contemporary Bible Translation,” Howard R. Macy

30:1, #95 (2000) Legacies of Early Quaker Women

“‘Hanging as a Flag:’ Mary Dyer and Quaker Hagiography,” David L. Johns
“Margaret Fell: Historical Context and Shape of Early Quaker Thought,” Sally Bruyneel
“Review Essay: After Our Likeness: The Church in the Image of the Trinity (by Miroslav Volf),” Gregg Koskela

30:2, #96 (2001)

“Quaker Hagiography,” Dean Freiday
Reviews of Gentle Invaders, Shannon Craigo-Snell, Tomas Hamm
Response: Linda Selleck
“‘Darkness’ in the Journal of George Fox,” Paul Buckley

30:3, #97 (2001) Uses of Scripture by Early Friends

Editorial Essay: “Is There a Quaker Hermeneutic?” Paul Anderson
“George Fox’s Use of the Bible,” Ronald Worden
“Robert Barclay and the Bible,” Dean Freiday
“George Keith: Biblical Apologist for the Religious Society of Friends,” Juliet H. Dodds
“Samuel Fisher: Seventeenth-Century Quaker Biblical Scholar,” Timothy W. Seid
“Elizabeth Bathhurst and Truth’s Vindication,” Mary Garman
“Reading Scripture with Dorothy White,” Michael Birkel
Response: “Can There Be a Quaker Hermeneutic?” Hugh S. Pyper

30:4, #98 (2002)

“The Individual and the Meeting,” Martha Paxson Grundy

Responses to Jesus Quests, QRT #94:
Letter to the Editor and Editor’s Response
“The Jesus Seminar from the Inside,” Marcus Borg
“A Response from Jesus Scholars in General,” Mark Allen Powell
“Jesus Projects: A Theological Critique,” Gary Kinkel
“Jesus Matters: A Response to Professors Borg, Powell, and Kinkel,” Paul Anderson

#99–100 (2003)

Reviews of Reasons for Hope: The Faith and Future of the Evangelical Friends Church (by John Punshon)
Arthur Roberts, Gayle Beebe, Carole Spencer
Response: John Punshon

Reviews of The Light in Their Consciences: The Early Quakers in Britain, 1646–1666 (by Rosemary Moore)
Steven Angell, Corey Beals
Response: Rosemary Moore

Quakers and Science – A New Look at the Relationships

“Quakers and Science – Myths, Realities and the Science-Religion Dialogue,” Paul Anderson
“Quakers and Science: An Overview,” Geoffrey Cantor
“Quakers in Coalbrookdale: Women, War and Money,” Grace Jantzen
“Science as a Powerful Practice,” Nancey Murphy

#101 (2003)

“The Kingdom of God After 9-11,” Tricia Gates Brown
“The Call of Truth – The Peace Testimony During a Time of Terror,” Ann K. Riggs
“Contemporary Modes and Christian Mandate in Conflict Resolution-Peacemaking in
an Age of Genocide,” Ambassador David Rawson
“Crucifying Contemporary Christs – Spiritual Implications of Wartime Economics,” Cliff
“A Tribute to J. Calvin Keene,” Dean Freiday

#102 (2004) A Quaker Approach to Truth

“Truth as a Way of Life,” Corey Beals
“Every Thought Captive to Christ,” Arthur O. Roberts;

Reviews of Seekers Found (by Doug Gwyn)
T. Vail Palmer, Stephanie Ford
Response: Doug Gwyn

#103 (2004) Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Quakers

“Intersections Between Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Quakers,” Howard R. Macy
“King and Quakers: Conscientious Objection for Social Change,” Lonnie Valentine

Reviews of Exploring Heaven and Prayers at Twilight (by Arthur O. Roberts)
Stephen K. Moroney, Tom Johnson
Response: Arthur O. Roberts

#104 (2005) Cross-Cultural Outreach Among Friends

“Reflections on Quaker Mestizaje,” Pamela Calvert
“The Voice of Friends Has Many Accents,” Kenneth E. Comfort

John Woolman Reconsidered:

Two Reviews of A Near Sympathy (by Michael Birkel)
Max L. Carter, T. Canby Jones
Response: Michael Birkel

Two Reviews of The Tendering Presence (by Mike Heller)
Max L. Carter, T. Canby Jones
Response: Mike Heller

#105 (2005) The Center of Quaker Faith and Practice

“A Christo-Textured Life: The Center of Practical Faith,” David Johns
“A Dynamic Christocentricity: The Center of Faithful Praxis,” Paul Anderson

Reviews of QRT – The First One Hundred Issues:

Quaker Religious Thought – The First 50 Issues,” Shane Kirkpartick
Quaker Religious Thought – Issues 50–100″ Susan Jeffers

#106–107 (2006) Corporate Discernment and Decision Making:

“Discernment: Corporate and Individual Considerations,” Charles J. Conniry, Jr.
“Discernment: Corporate and Individual Considerations,” Bruce Bishop
“The Meeting for Worship in which Business is Conducted,” Paul Anderson
“Voting Not to Vote – Toward Consensus in the WCC,” Eden Grace

Quaker Contributions to American Democracy:

E Pluribus Unum? Quaker Approaches to Plurality and Unity in Pennsylvania (1682–1764),” Stephen W. Angell
“A Virtual Repeal: Political Obligation and Civil Dissent in Quaker Thought,” Jane E. Calvert
“Toward Justice: Quaker Influences in American Democracy – a Response,” Emma Lapsanski-Werner

Reviews of The Liturgies of Quakerism and Towards Tragedy/Reclaiming Hope by Ben Pink Dandelion
Reviewers: Hugh Barbour and Ruth Pitman
Author’s Response, Ben Pink Dandelion

“A Friendly Letter to the Vatican,” Paul Anderson

#108 (2007) Truth and Power

“Speaking Truth to Power,” Newton Garver
“Empowering the Truth,” Shannon Craigo-Snell
“Truth, Power, and Christ,” Paul Anderson

Reviews of Signs of Salvation by Ben Richmond

“Signs of Grace: A Review of Ben Richmond’s Signs of Salvation,” Jacci Welling
“Signs of salvation: Some Reflections on Friends’ Proclaiming the Gospel to the World,” Brian Drayton
Author’s Response, Ben Richmond

#109 (2007) A Friendly View of the Sacraments

“Early Friends’ Views of the Sacraments,” Stephen W. Angell
“The New and Eternal Covenant,” Timothy W. Seid
“An Incarnational Sacramentology,” Paul Anderson
“Work as Sacrament: The Quaker Bridge from Sunday to Monday,” Kent Walkemeyer
“(Re)visioning Sacramental Theology: A Response,” David L. Johns
“A Response to Friendly Sacramentology in Ecumenical Perspective,” Ann K. Riggs
“Friends and the Sacraments; Emerging Consensus and Ongoing Questions,” Corey Beals

#110 (2008)

“Quakers on the Spectrum of Nonviolence: In Conversation with K. Barth, Reinhold Niebuhr, J.H. Yoder, M.L. King Jr., and Robert Barclay,” Cherice Bock

Reviews of Holiness: the Soul of Quakerism, by Carole Dale Spencer:

“Holiness, Perfection, and Orthodoxy,” Stephen W. Angell
“The Pure Principle and Baptism of the Spirit,” Margery Post Abbott
“Holiness—The Central Trunk of the Quaker Family Tree,” Jim Le Shana
Author’s Response, Carole Spencer

Tributes to Dean Freiday:

“Dean Freiday, Robert Barclay, and John Cassian,” Michael Birkel
“A Tribute to Dean Freiday,” Arthur O. Roberts

#111 (2008) Celebrating 50 Years of Quaker Religious Thought and the Quaker Theological Discussion Group!

The Rise and Progress of QRT and QTDG:
“The Origin and Vision of QRT and QTDG,” Wilmer Cooper
“The Beginnings of QRT and QTDG,” Kate Newlin
“Quaker Theological Discussion Group 1985–1990,” Doug Gwynn
“Quaker Theological Discussion Group 1990–2008,” Paul Anderson
“The Historical Importance of QRT and QTDG,” Hugh Barbour

Highlights of QRT after 50 Years:

“#s 1–10 (1959–1963, Calvin Keene, ed.),” Ruth Pitman
“#s 11–20 (1964–1968),” T. Canby Jones
“#s 21–38 (1969–1974),” Christine Downing
“#s 39–71 (1974–1989; Palmer & Freiday, eds.),” T. Vail Palmer
“#s 71–94 (1989–2000),” Arthur O. Roberts
“#s 95–111 (2000–2008),” Paul Anderson
“In Memory of Wilmer Cooper,” Paul Anderson

#112 (2009) A Quaker Theology of Education

“From Cutting Edge to Chopping Block: Reclaiming a Quaker Approach to Christian
Higher Education,” Jamie Johnson
“The Mission of the Christ-Centered Quaker College,” Paul Anderson
“A Quaker Theology of Education—A Response,” Caroline Whitbeck

Reviews of Sacred Compass: The way of Spiritual Discernment by J. Brent Bill

“A Review from Three Directions,” Galen McNemar Hamann
“A Review from the Deeper Hues of the Landscape,” Elizabeth Cazden
Author’s Response, J. Brent Bill

#113 (2009) Quakers and Levinas

“Levinas and the Invisibility of God,” Jeffrey Dudiak
“Levinas and the Visibility of God: A ‘Seeing’ that does Not Know What it Sees,” Corey Beals
“Friends and the Kingdom of God: Recovering the Lost Radiance: The Kingdom of God, the Early Friends, and the Future of Quakerism,” Gerald Guiton

#114 (2010) A Friendly Apology for the 21st Century

“No Apology Required: Quaker Fragmentation and the Impossibility of a Unified Confessional Apologia,” David L. Johns
“An Apology for Authentic Spirituality,” Paul Anderson
Responses to Johns and Anderson: Arthur O. Roberts and Stephen W. Angell
Responses to the “Quakers and Levinas” Essays by Dudiak and Beals, QRT #113: Rachel Muers and Richard J. Wood

#115 (2010)

“‘His Power and Spirit in Their Hearts’—Quaker Spiritual Direction,” Barbara S. Worden
“Leading Quaker Interpreters: Howard Brinton as a Theologian and Apologist for ‘Real Quakerism,’” Anthony Manousos
“Jack Willcuts and Why Friends are Friends,” Arthur O. Roberts
“Responses to ‘Quakers and Levinas’ Responses by Muers and Wood,” Corey Beals

#116–117 (2011)

“Romans 12:17–13:10 & Quakers’ Relation to the State,” Cherice Bock
“The (Com)Motion of Love: Theological Formation in John Woolman’s Itinerant Ministry,” Jon Kershner
“Who Took the Christ out of Quakerism? Rufus Jones and the Person and Work of Christ,” Guy Aiken
“The 1955 Union and the Future of Friends,” Ruth Pitman
“Some Reflections on ‘the Apostasy’ and Ecumenism,” John Punshon
“A Quaker Scientist’s Case for God,” Richard K. Taylor
“Quakers, Slavery, and Racial Justice—Two Reviews,” C. Wess Daniels

#118 (2012) Quakers and Theism/Nontheism

“Is ‘Nontheist Quakerism’ a Contradiction of Terms?” Paul Anderson
“Quakers and Non/Theism: Questions and Prospects,” Jeffrey Dudiak
“Nontheism among Friends: Its Emergence and Meaning,” David Boulton
“Response to David Boulton and Jeffrey Dudiak,” Shannon Craigo-Snell
“Response to Papers on Theism (Just a Little) and Non-Theism (Much More),” Patrick J. Nugent

#119 (2012) Elias Hicks and Allen Jay

“A Brief Introduction to Elias Hicks,” Paul Buckley
“New Light on Elias Hicks,” Stephen W. Angell
“Beyond the Myth: A Review of The Journal of Elias Hicks and Dear Friend: Letters and Essays of Elias Hicks,” Jim Le Shana
“Response,” Paul Buckley
“Allen Jay: A Holiness Quaker Extraordinaire,” Carole Dale Spencer
“Allen Jay: Minister, Leader Nurturing Leaders,” Howard R. Macy
“Response,” Joshua Brown
“Beyond Quaker Self-Referentiality: Maurice Creasey’s Vision of Ecumenism,” David L. Johns

#120 (2013) Responses to Collected Essays of Maurice Creasey, Edited by David L. Johns

“Quakers as Radical Christians—Maurice Creasey’s Theological Assessment of Essential Quakerism,” Paul N. Anderson
“The Christological Writings of Maurice Creasey: A Response,” Richard Bailey
“Maurice Creasey on Worship and Sacrament,” Howard R. Macy
“Laborers Together with God: Maurice Creasey and the Community of Friends,” Sally Bruyneel
“A Leader with Few Followers: Maurice Creasey and his Theological Vision for the Future of Quakerism,” Jon R. Kershner
“Response to Creasey Papers,” David L. Johns

#121 (2013) Creation Care in the 21st Century

“Dividing and Conquering: The Dualistic Roots of Environmentalism and Its Foes,” Corey Beals
“Suffering, Creation, and Luther’s Theologia Crucis,” Daniel L. Brunner
“Intertextuality and the Relationship of Humankind among Fish, Birds and Creeping Things,” Roger S. Nam
“Gnosticizing Tendencies in the History of Christian Spirituality,” Carole Spencer
“Review of Geoffrey Plank, John Woolman’s Path to the Peaceable Kingdom,” Jay Miller

#122 (2014)

Reviews of Paul Anderson’s Following Jesus: The Heart of Faith and Practice


Carole Dale Spencer
Michael Willett Newheart
Peter Heltzel
Ruth Pitman

“Response by the Author,” Paul Anderson

Reviews of Stephen W. Angell and Ben Pink Dandelion’s The Oxford Handbook of Quaker Studies


Paul Anderson
Matthew Hedstrom
Jon Kershner
Ann Riggs
“Response by the Authors,” Stephen W. Angell and Ben Pink Dandelion

#123–124 (2014) The Future of Friends

British, Irish, European, and Pacific Rim Perspectives

“Friends in Britain,” Ben Pink Dandelion
“Friends in Ireland and Europe,” Johan Maurer
“Friends in Asia-West Pacific,” Gerard Guiton

North American Perspectives

“Friends General Conference,” Thomas Swain
“Friends United Meeting,” Sylvia Graves
“Conservative Friends,” William F. Rushby
“Evangelical Friends,” Wayne Evans

African and Asian Perspectives

“Friends in East Africa,” Ann K. Riggs
“Friends in Central Africa,” D. Elizabeth Todd
“Friends in India and Asia,” Ron Stansell

South and Central American Perspectives

“Friends in South America,” Harold Thomas
“Friends in Central America,” D. Gene Pickard
“The Future of Quakers in Central America,” Alvin and Lucy Anderson (ed. Paul Anderson)

Additional Essays

“The British Quaker Survey 2013,” Ben Pink Dandelion
“Review of Paul Buckley, The Essential Elias Hicks,” T. Vail Palmer

Tribute to T. Canby Jones

“Remembering T. Canby Jones,” Ron Rembert
“Tribute to Canby Jones” (a poem), Arthur O. Roberts

#125 (2015)

Reviews of David John’s Quakering Theology: Essays on Worship, Tradition, and Christian Faith:

“Of Cats and Muslims: Reflections on David Johns’ Quakering Theology,” Stephen W. Angell
“Review: Quakering Theology by David L. Johns,” Paul Anderson
“David L. Johns’ Quakering Theology Book Review,” Margery Post Abbott
“Response To Reviews of Quakering Theology,” David L. Johns

Pushing Boundaries: Mystics as Expansive Religionists:

“Mysticism and Revelation in John Woolman’s Theology,” Jon R. Kershner
“James Nayler and Jacob Boehme’s The Way to Christ,” Carole Dale Spencer
“Response to Carole Spencer’s and Jon Kershner’s Papers,” Michael Birkel

Reflections on Religious Language and Feminism:

“Another Look at the Feminist Language,” Ruth M. Pitman
“Gender and Language and Quaker Religious Discourse,” Susan Jeffers

#126 (2016)

Reviews of C. Wess Daniels’ A Convergent Model of Renewal:

“Review and Response to C.Wess Daniels’ A Convergent Model of Renewal: Reading The Convergent Model Through A Roman Catholic Case Study,” Jill Peterfesso
“Remixing The Post-Civil Rights Era: Responding to Daniels’ A Convergent Model of Renewal,” Daniel White Hodge
A Convergent Model of Renewal: Response to Quaker Theological Discussion Group,” C. Wess Daniels

Additional Essays:

“A Quaker Approach to Interreligious Dialogue: Michael Birkel’s Qur’an in Conversation,” Julie Meadows
“Review of Brian Drayton and William P. Taber, Jr. A Language for the Inward Landscape: Spiritual Wisdom from the Quaker Movement. (Philadelphia: Tract Association of Friends, 2015),” Michael Birkel

#127 (2016) Friends Presence in Palestine/Israel

“Introduction to This Issue,” Max Carter, collaborating editor
“Spirituality of Peacemaking,” Jean Zaru
“The Ramallah Friends Meeting: Examining 100 Years of Peace and Justice Work,” Maia Carter Hallward
“The Ramallah Friends School: 150 Years of Endurance, Understanding, and Good Teaching,” Gordon Davies
“Love Wins: Quaker Activism in Israel and Palestine,” Jennifer Bing and Lucy Duncan
“Accompaniment in Palestine,” Jessy Hampton

#128 (2017)

Reviews of Early Quakers and their Theological Thought, 1647–1723, by Stephen Angell and Pink Dandelion, editors


Jon R. Kershner
Leah Payne
Paul Anderson
Madeleine Ward

“Book review: Marcelle Martin, Our Life is Love: The Quaker Spiritual Journey,” Carole Spencer

“A Tribute: Remembering Arthur O. Robert,” Paul Anderson

#129 (2017) Hybridity and Multi-Religious Belonging among Quakers

“Quaker-Buddhist Blendings,” Michael Birkel
“Multi-denominational Belonging and Quakers in Evangelical Friends Church Southwest,” Jennifer M. Buck
“The Complex Hybridity of Ham Sok-Heon,” Christy Randazzo
“The Wordless Mystical and the Spirituality of Belief,” Jeffrey Dudiak

“Book Review: Douglas Gwyn, The Anti-War: Peace Finds the Purpose of a Peculiar People,” Lonnie Valentine

“Book Review: T. Vail Palmer, Face to Face: Early Quaker Encounters with the Bible,” Michael Birkel

“Value of Quaker Religious Thought to Me and to Friends,” T. Vail Palmer

“My Faith in Practice,” John Punshon

“A Tribute: Remembering John Punshon (1935–2017),” Paul Anderson

#130 (2018)

“Anthony Benezet’s (1713–1784) Revolutionary Rhetoric: Slavery and Sentimentalism in Quaker Political Remonstrance,” Jon R. Kershner
“After Same-Sex Marriage: Emerging Quaker Perspectives on Further Questions about Sexuality and Gender,” Rhiannon Grant
“Beyond the Bureaucracy: The True & Proper Purpose of Quaker Yearly Meetings in the 21st Century,” Robin Mohr
“Book Review: Daniel P. Coleman, Presence and Process: A Path Toward Transformative Faith and Inclusive Community,” Jeffrey Dudiak
“Book Review: David Johnson, Jesus, Christ and Servant of God: Meditations on the Gospel According to John,” Lorraine Watson

#131 (2018) History and Interpretation of Quakerism

“Primitive Christianity Revived—The Original Quaker Vision,” Paul Anderson

“Robert Barclay’s Christology,” Madeleine Ward

“Christian AND Universalist?: Charting Liberal Quaker Theological

Developments through the Swarthmore Lectures,” Christy Randazzo

“Response to Anerson, Ward, and Randazzo,” Jeffrey Dudiak

“Book Review: T. Vail Palmer Jr., A Long Road: How Quakers Made Sense of God and the Bible,” Isaac Barnes May

“Book Reviews: Paul Buckley, Primitive Christianity Revived: Translated into Modern English and Primitive Quakerism Revived: Living a Friends int eh Twenty-First Century,” Paul Anderson

#132 (2019)

Reviews of Reframing the House: Constructive Feminist Global Ecclesiology for the Western Evangelical Church by Jennifer M. Buck


Cherice Bock
Grace Ji-Sun Kim

Response from Author:
Jennifer M. Buck

Reviews of John Woolman and the Government of Christ: A Colonial Quaker’s Vision for the British Atlantic World by Jon R. Kershner

Stephen W. Angell
Michael Birkel

Response from the Author: 
Jon R. Kershner

“Review of The Cambridge Companion to Quakerism by Stephen Angell and Pink Dandelion, eds.,” Julie Peyton

“Review of New Critical Studies of Early Quaker Women, 1650–1800 by Michele Lise Tarter and Catie Gil, eds.,” Jay Miller

“Review of Warner Mifflin: Unflinching Quaker Abolitionist by Gary Nash,” Mike Heller

#133 (2019) Early 20th Century Quaker Theologies of Service

“Henry Cadbury, the Peace Testimony, and the First World War,” James Krippner and David Harrington Watt

“Affirmation Mysticism: The Activist Theology of Rufus Jones,” Christy Randazzo

“Oregon Yearly Meeting and the Peace Testimony, Part I: Navigating Evangelicalism and Quakerism, 1938–1954,” Cherice Bock

“The Concept of Hierarchy and Doing Ministry in the Church: Evaluating the Roles of Leaders and the Use of Authority in Quakerism,” Oscar Lugusa

“Book Review: Andrew R. Murphy, William Penn, A Life,” Jon R. Kershner
“Book Review: Ben Pink Dandelion, Douglas Gwyn, Timothy Peat, Heaven and Earth: Quakers and the Second Coming,” Jay Miller
“Book Review: R. Scot Miller, Gospel of the Absurd,” Cherice Bock

#134 (2020)

“Margaret Fell, Reading in the Heart,” by Michael Birkel
“Inspiring Readings of the Inspired Text—Taking the Bible Personally, After the Manner of Friends,” by Paul Anderson

“‘Hearing to Speech’: A Participatory Theology of Word-Dwelling as Congregational Formation in God’s Mission,” by David Hahn

“Friends and Watershed Discipleship: Reconciling with People and the Land in Light of the Doctrine of Discovery,” by Cherice Bock

“Book Review: Margery Post-Abbott’s Walk Humbly, Serve Boldly: Modern Quakers as Everyday Prophets,” by Howard Macy

“Book Review: Cherice Bock and Stephen Potthoff, eds., Quakers, Creation Care, and Sustainability,” by Kevin J. O’Brien

#135 (2020)

“Lucretia Mott: Active Imagination and James 1:21,” by Mark Bredin

“Eugenicists, Quakers, and Rufus Jones, 1893-1938,” by David Harrington Watt

“Theologia: Quaker Youth Ministry and Theopraxis in a Multicultural Context,” by Joel Mayward, Roger Nam, Leah Payne, Steve Sherwood, Hannah Souter, and Trisha Welstad

“Quaker Youth Ministry and Theopraxis in a Multicultural Context,” by Nim Njuguna

“Book Review: ‘Ben’ Pink Dandelion, The Cultivation of Conformity: Towards a General Theory of Internal Secularisation,” by Jon R. Kershner

“Book Review: Melanie Springer Mock, Worthy: Finding Yourself in a World Expecting Someone Else,” by Jessica Kershner

#136 (2021)

“Caring for Each Other,” by Ashley M. Wilcox

“Quaker Pastoral Theology and its Embodiment in Community,” by Oscar Lugusa Malande

“Revolutionary Faithfulness: Quaker Pastoral Practice and Theology in an Age of Empire,” by C. Wess Daniels

“A Methodological Proposal for Programmed Quaker Practical Theology,” by Derek Brown

“What is a Quaker Pastoral Theology, and How is it Enfleshed/Embodied in Community?” by Phil Baisley

“Oregon Yearly Meeting and the Peace Testimony, Part II: Relationship with the American Friends Service Committee, 1938–1954,” by Cherice Bock

“Review of David Lewis, A Word From the Lost: Remarks on James Nayler’s Love to the Lost and a Hand Held Forth to the Helpless to Lead Out of the Dark,” by Carole Dale Spencer

“Review of Jon R. Kershner, ed., Quakers and Mysticism: Comparative and Syncretic Approaches to Spirituality,” by Stuart Masters

“Review of C. Wess Daniels, Resisting Empire: The Book of Revelation,” by Mark Condo

“Review of Derek Brown, On Quaker Pastors,” by Ruthie Severance

#137 (2021)

“Vocation as Story, Story as Vocation,” by Ben Brazil

“The Conflict is Inherent: A Quaker Theology of Vocational Ministry,” by Robin Mohr

“A Dangerous Theology,” by Emily Provance

“One Quaker’s Life in Ministry,” by Lloyd Lee Wilson

“Remembering T. Vail Palmer, Jr.,” by Paul N. Anderson

“Lucretia Mott: Isaiah 58,” by Mark Bredin

“Review of Michael Birkel: Quakers Reading Mystics (Brill, 2018),” by Mark Bredin

#138 (2022)

“Climate Change and the Personal Presence of God,” by Grace Ji-Sun Kim

“The Global Quaker Witness on the Holy Spirit and Peacemaking,” by Stephen W. Angell

“Understanding the Holy Spirit as Ruah, God’s breath,” by Laurel Kearns

“A Filmmaker’s Review of The Light in Their Eyes,” by Lauren Tanel

“Book Review: Drew Lawson, Movings of Divine Love: The Love of God in the Letters of John Woolman,” by Jon R. Kershner

“Book Review: Marty Grundy, A Call to Friends: Faithful Living in Desperate Times,” by Lorraine Watson

“Book Review: Brian Drayton, Messages to Meetings,” by Howard R. Macy

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